Phase two of Exercise MALABAR 2021 began on October 11 in the Bay of Bengal, with the participation of navies from Australia, Japan, India and the United States.
The annual maritime exercise, hosted by the US Navy, is comprised of a variety of high-end tactical training events designed to enhance interoperability between the Royal Australian Navy, the Japan Maritime Self-Defense Force (JMSDF ), Indian Navy and United States Maritime Forces in the Indo-Pacific Region, according to the Navy.
The second phase of MALABAR will include a disposable mobile anti-submarine warfare training target exercise on the surface and in the air, a surface gunnery exercise and trans-deck helicopter operations.
“MALABAR 21 improves the compatibility of our forces in support of our mutual desire for unparalleled maritime security in the global commons,” Rear said. Adm. Dan Martin, commander of Carrier Strike Group 1, said in a Navy press release.
“The integration of units in complex task force maneuvers once again demonstrates our ability to work effectively with our Indo-Pacific allies and partners and to win in any contested maritime environment.”
The first phase of MALABAR began in August and included live artillery fire, air warfare operations, anti-submarine warfare operations, and maritime interdiction operations in the Philippine Sea.
The second phase is being conducted in the Bay of Bengal to allow participating forces to train in two different regions of the Indo-Pacific.
Carrier Strike Group 1 — the aircraft carrier Carl Vinson, the Carrier Air Wing 2, the Ticonderoga Lake Champlain-class guided missile cruiser, the Arleigh Burke Stockdale-class guided missile destroyer, and a maritime patrol and reconnaissance aircraft P- 8A Poseidon all represent the US Navy in exercise.
Participants from the Royal Australian Navy included the Anzac class frigates HMAS Ballarat and HMAS Sirius.
“Close cooperation with key partners with India, Japan and the United States promotes our relationships with professional mariners and improves our interoperability,” Cmdr. Antony Pisani, commander of HMAS Ballarat said in the press release.
Represent the Indian Navy is Rajput– INS Ranvijay guided missile destroyer class, Shivalik-class the multi-purpose stealth frigate INS Satpura and a P-8I maritime patrol and reconnaissance aircraft.
JMSDF participants include the Izumo-class multipurpose operations destroyer JS Kaga and the Murasame-class destroyers JS Murasame.
The U.S. Pacific Fleet, 7th Fleet, regularly interacts with more than 35 maritime nations in the Indo-Pacific region and is the largest numbered fleet forward deployed by the US Navy.
Rachel is a Marine Corps veteran and a Masters candidate at New York University. She is currently an editorial researcher for Military Times.