Iran’s transition from medievalism to modernism in the early 20e century and then from modernism to theocracy and conservatism at the end of the same century is a bizarre story of our times.
A nation endowed with immense human and natural potential and a country that once raised a glorious empire in the east has not been able to develop steadily and consistently. It’s just the whim of fate and nothing else.
After World War I, Iran came under the attention of Britain and France as a strategically important region containing huge carbon deposits.
According to some careful observers, oil is a boon and a curse for Iran. The story of Iran after World War I is the story of the oil industry in the Middle East. World War II saw Iran’s virtual subservience to the West developed and, more importantly, to the United States of America.
The Soviets of the time were quick to incite the oppressed and destitute sections of the Iranian people. In this way, Iran became the battleground of the then superpowers on the Asian continent.
Finally, in 1979, under the religious leadership of Ayatollah Khomeini, the Iranians overthrew the monarchy. They installed a theocratic regime that brought Iran back to the philosophy of so-called early Islam.
The theocratic regime began its tenure on a note of hatred and animosity towards developed Western countries, especially the United States.
US support for Israel in the face of Iranian nuclear threats
Theocratic Iran has accelerated antagonism against the United States because it believes the United States provides covert and overt support for the State of Israel. Iran has sworn to return Jerusalem (Quds) to Islamic rule. But the situation on the ground does not give him any possibility.
The United States has imposed sanctions on Iran not once but twice. Washington maintains that Iran is trying to develop a nuclear bomb that threatens Israel and Saudi Arabia, with Iran having an old religious feud.
Sanctions have crippled Iran in more ways than one. She stands isolated. Although during the Obama administration, a nuclear agreement was signed between Iran and Western powers, including the United States, it did not last long.
Iran had promised to end its nuclear program, and in return the United States agreed to lift sanctions and release Iran’s credits hitherto prohibited under sanctions practice.
Iran got temporary respite; it recovered its previously frozen financial assets in European and American banks. The world believed that the era of darkness for Iran was over. But that was not the case.
A few days before his resignation, President Trump announced that the United States was withdrawing from the nuclear agreement with Iran. He gave in because Iran supported and sponsored terrorism in different parts of the world.
Perhaps Trump was under pressure from the Saudi monarchy and had to take action to appease the pro-Israel lobby in the US Congress.
Iran’s Claims to Hypersonic Weapons and Jets
Iran again faced economic and political difficulties. However, EU members decided to put pressure on the United States so that the Iranian nuclear treaty could be reviewed and a way to resolve the impasse found.
Negotiations were in progress for this purpose. But then it became known that Iran had changed its position and moved closer to Russia. She had agreed to give Russia the drones deployed by Moscow in its war against Ukraine.
The European powers, members of NATO, were upset by Iran’s policy of collaboration with Russia, which was fighting NATO in Ukraine. The EU dragged its feet and left the Iranian nuclear issue in a cold room. They had a more serious problem to settle, namely the war in Ukraine.
Iran has changed its position, no doubt. She got closer to Russia. The latest is that Iran appears to have developed a hypersonic weapon using Russian technology acquired in exchange for the weapons it supplied for Moscow’s war in Ukraine, a military quid pro quo which, if true, will raise antennae in the United States and among its strategic partners. allies.
Tasnim news agency, more or less a semi-official agency of Iran, recently reported that Iran has built a hypersonic weapon capable of evading and hitting advanced enemy air defense systems.
Iranian Revolutionary Guard Corps (IRGC) General Amir Ali Hajizadeh said, “Iran’s hypersonic weapon represents a significant step forward for its missile program. The new weapon can maneuver in and out of the atmosphere; can penetrate all known missile defense systems, and adversaries will not be able to develop sufficient countermeasures for decades.
Commenting on the revelations, Reuters said there were no reports that Iran had ever tested a hypersonic weapon and that, despite having a large domestic arms industry, the Islamic Republic is notorious for exaggerating his military abilities.
Very few people know that during the Iran-Iraq war, Iran accepted weapons from Israel supplied to it via Pakistan. But outwardly, these two countries affirm their rejection of Israel.
We may recall that another instance of this exaggeration is the Iranian Qaher-313 stealth fighter jet, which Western analysts have mostly dismissed as a fake.
David Cenciotti wrote in The Aviationist that “several giveaways show that the Iranian Qaher-313 is just a large scale model, including its very basic flight instruments, lack of cockpit wiring, nose section too small to adapt to any radar, minimal air intakes and that the lack of an engine nozzle that could melt the plane through afterburner International observers consider Iran’s claims that he would develop a hypersonic weapon nothing more than a goof that doesn’t bother anyone.
Nevertheless, we should not ignore that Iran continues to build a massive missile arsenal and the development of a hypersonic weapon could be among its priorities and capabilities.
J Matthew McInnis says in a report that Iran’s ballistic missile force is central to its deterrence strategy and that no part of Iran’s defense industrial complex has been so heavily invested or attention.
McInnis also notes that China, North Korea and Russia have helped Iran with its missile program and that it may attempt to develop intercontinental ballistic missiles (ICBMs).
Experts say Iran is still struggling to make its missiles accurate enough for offensive use, as it fails to develop adequate stabilization and precision guidance in its strategic partnership with Russia, trading materiel assistance military versus hypersonic and technical nuclear know-how.
In his article titled “Russia turns to Iran for killer drones” published in the Asia Times on July 21, Gabriel Honrada states: “On Russia’s initial plans to acquire drones from Iran. This decision was likely motivated by the need to quickly replace combat losses, the lack of advanced drones, and the limitations of Russia’s drone industry.
In addition to the drones, Asia Times reported in August the launch of Iran’s indigenous imaging satellite Khayyam, which may, in fact, be a Russian Kanopus-V satellite with high-resolution imaging cameras.
This information only came out because of the Ukrainian war; otherwise, nothing would have been public. Nonetheless, now is a good time for American political planners to debate without passion the frequent use of the weapon of sanctions against nations that do not want to sing the American song.
Many members of the US Congress doubt that sanctions are an effective instrument to dissuade “errant” countries from deviating from what the United States wants them to do.
Whether or not Iran has a hypersonic weapon is not the issue; the problem is that continuing sanctions and isolating Iran could ultimately prove counterproductive.